Category Archives: Banking/Lending

Electronic Clearing of Checks in the Philippines, Starting January 2017

[The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) has approved the implementation of the electronic clearing of checks, starting January 2017. This will speed up the clearing of checks from 3 to 5 banking days, down to 1 day. Issuers must consider the faster clearing of checks to avoid bouncing checks. To assist in the dissemination of this information, we are reproducing the media release of the BSP.]

Continue reading

No One can be Imprisoned for Non-Payment of Debt

Perhaps you’ve heard someone making threats to file criminal cases against debtors who fail to pay. On the other hand, perhaps you’ve heard about the rule that no one can be imprisoned simply because of a debt in the Philippines. The prohibition against imprisonment for a debt is a basic right enshrined in no less than the Philippine Constitution. Article III of the Constitution reads:

Continue reading

Liability of a Co-Maker: Distinguished from Guarantor

Maybe you have been asked by a friend to sign as a co-maker in a loan transaction. You’re then asked to sign a promissory note or a debt instrument which designates you as a co-maker. There should be no problem with this, as the principal is usually someone the co-maker knows and trusts. However, there are plenty of examples when co-makers are declared liable because the principal debtor was not able to pay. This is a brief discussion on the extent of a co-maker’s liability.

Continue reading

Primer on the Credit Information System Act (RA 9510)

Republic Act No. 9510, also known as the Credit System Information Act, is consistent with the need to establish a comprehensive and centralized credit information system for the collection and dissemination of fair and accurate information relevant to, or arising from, credit and credit-related activities of all entities participating in the financial system. A credit information system will directly address the need for reliable credit information concerning the credit standing and track record of borrowers. An efficient credit information system will also enable financial institutions to reduce their over-all credit risk, contributing to a healthier and more stable financial system.

Continue reading

Basics of the Lending Company Regulation Act of 2007 (RA 9474)

On 22 May 2007, Republic Act No. 9474, also known as the “Lending Company Regulation Act of 2007,” was signed by the President. The law is consistent with the declared policy of the State to regulate the establishment of lending companies and to place their operation on a sound, efficient and stable condition to derive the optimum advantages from them as an additional source of credit; to prevent and mitigate, as far as practicable, practices prejudicial to public interest; and to lay down the minimum requirements and standards under which they may be established and do business. Here is a basic discussion of the new law:

Continue reading

Credit Cards and Access Devices Regulation: Explained

What is the “Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998”?

It is Republic Act No. 8484, which is an act regulating the issuance and use of access devices and prohibiting the fraudulent acts committed relative thereto, among others. By enacting this legislation, the State recognizes the recent advances in technology and the widespread use of access devices in commercial transactions. Continue reading