Category Archives: HR & Labor

Unemployment Insurance or Involuntary Separation Benefits: Requirements and Application

The unemployment insurance or involuntary separation benefit is a cash benefit granted to covered employees, including Kasambahays and Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs), who are involuntarily separated from employment. To assist members who are involuntarily separated from employment, the Social Security System (SSS) issued the implementing guidelines for the Unemployment Insurance or Involuntary Separation Benefit. Here are the salient points of the SSS guidelines:

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Refund / Return of the Small Business Wage Subsidy (SBWS) Received by Workers

In an Advisory issued on 2 June 2020, the Social Security System (SSS) announced the requirement to refund or return the Small Business Wage Subsidy (SBWS) received by employees under certain instances, discussed below. The directive is based on the SBWS Program Task Force Resolution No. 2. The instances when the refund/return is required, and the procedure for the refund, are discussed below.

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Twin-Notice Rule and Procedural Requirements in Employment Termination Proceedings

Due process, in relation to employment termination proceedings, is composed of two aspects. One, there must be a just or authorized cause for the dismissal or any administrative disciplinary acton (substantive due process). Two, the requirements of procedural due process must be complied with. The separate procedural due process requirements for just causes and authorized causes for employment termination are discussed below.

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Rules Governing Persons Below 21 Years Old, 60 and Above, and other “Most at Risk” Employees during GCQ and MGCQ

The community quarantine classification for all areas in the Philippines has been relaxed, effective 1 June 2020, to either General Community Quarantine (GCQ) or Modified General Community Quarantine (MGCQ). The recent pronouncements by authorities include the rule that persons below 21, those 60 years old and above, and those with immunodeficiency, comorbidities, or other health risks, and pregnant women are prohibited from going outside their respective residences. 

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Cebu City Guidelines for Travel, Work and Related Matters during General Community Quarantine (GCQ): Executive Order No. 79

[The full text is reproduced to illustrate the reality that travel passes are still generally required by each local government, except for work in permitted establishments wherein the company ID is sufficient (see Sec. 3), although complications may arise because Sec. 15 requires of “Company ID, Certificate of Employment, Business Permit, and work schedule”. There is a list of permitted/ prohibited establishments (Secs. 9 and 10), subject to specific requirements such as a Business Monitoring Form (see process of submission and penalties in Sec. 7). Note the rules on mass gatherings (Sec. 14) and intrazonal and interzonal travel (Sec. 15). Public transportation is allowed (Sec. 5), subject to a number coding scheme (Sec. 21). Inter-island travel by ship is allowed (Sec. 6), subject to strict guidelines, and not to/from ECQ areas.]

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