Data Breach Notification (Rule IX): Data Privacy Act

[Table of Contents] [Glossary]

Rule IX. Data Breach Notification

Section 38. Data Breach Notification

a. The Commission and affected data subjects shall be notified by the personal information controller within seventy-two (72) hours upon knowledge of, or when there is reasonable belief by the personal information controller or personal information processor that, a personal data breach requiring notification has occurred. 

b. Notification of personal data breach shall be required when sensitive personal information or any other information that may, under the circumstances, be used to enable identity fraud are reasonably believed to have been acquired by an unauthorized person, and the personal information controller or the Commission believes that such unauthorized acquisition is likely to give rise to a real risk of serious harm to any affected data subject. 

c. Depending on the nature of the incident, or if there is delay or failure to notify, the Commission may investigate the circumstances surrounding the personal data breach. Investigations may include on-site examination of systems and procedures. 

Section 39. Contents of Notification. The notification shall at least describe the nature of the breach, the personal data possibly involved, and the measures taken by the entity to address the breach. The notification shall also include measures taken to reduce the harm or negative consequences of the breach, the representatives of the personal information controller, including their contact details, from whom the data subject can obtain additional information about the breach, and any assistance to be provided to the affected data subjects. 

Section 40. Delay of Notification. Notification may be delayed only to the extent necessary to determine the scope of the breach, to prevent further disclosures, or to restore reasonable integrity to the information and communications system. 

a. In evaluating if notification is unwarranted, the Commission may take into account compliance by the personal information controller with this section and existence of good faith in the acquisition of personal data. 

b. The Commission may exempt a personal information controller from notification where, in its reasonable judgment, such notification would not be in the public interest, or in the interest of the affected data subjects. 

c. The Commission may authorize postponement of notification where it may hinder the progress of a criminal investigation related to a serious breach. 

Section 41. Breach Report

a. The personal information controller shall notify the Commission by submitting a report, whether written or electronic, containing the required contents of notification. The report shall also include the name of a designated representative of the personal information controller, and his or her contact details. 

b. All security incidents and personal data breaches shall be documented through written reports, including those not covered by the notification requirements. In the case of personal data breaches, a report shall include the facts surrounding an incident, the effects of such incident, and the remedial actions taken by the personal information controller. In other security incidents not involving personal data, a report containing aggregated data shall constitute sufficient documentation. These reports shall be made available when requested by the Commission. A general summary of the reports shall be submitted to the Commission annually. 

Section 42. Procedure for Notification. The Procedure for breach notification shall be in accordance with the Act, these Rules, and any other issuance of the Commission.

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