Category Archives: Obiter/News

Pagpapahalaga sa mga Senior Citizens: DTI Memorandum Circular No. 20-09 (Full Text)

[On 28 March 2020, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) issued Memorandum Circular No. 20-09, providing for exemption from lines or queues, a “Senior Only” shopping hour, and “Pagpapahalaga” Express Lane, in all supermarkets, groceries, pharmacies and drug stores, and other businesses authorized to continue business operations during the enhanced community quarantine. Here is the full text of MC 20-09.]

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Suspension of Rents and Loan Payments During the Covid-19 Lockdown

To help address the national crisis brought about by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Congress granted temporary emergency powers to the President, through the “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act” (Republic Act No. 11469). This law already took effect but not self-executory, which is why on 28 March 2020, the President, through the Executive Secretary, issued a directive to implement the emergency powers. Among the matters covered by the temporary emergency powers is the suspension of rent and loan payments. 

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Implementing the Bayanihan to Heal As One Act (Republic Act No. 11469): Full Text of the Memorandum from the Executive Secretary

[The “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act” (Republic Act No. 11469), already effective after having been published in the Manila Bulletin on 25 March 2020, granted temporary emergency powers to the President to help address the national emergency brought about by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The emergency powers provided in R.A. 11469 are not self-executory, but require the directive of the President. On 28 March 2020, the Executive Secretary, acting on behalf of the President, issued a Memorandum providing for the implementation of temporary emergency powers granted to the President. Here is the full text of the Memorandum.]

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Thoughtless Extravagance, Social Media, and the Covid-19 Crisis

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), declared by the Philippine government as a national public health emergency and a pandemic by the World Healthy Organization, has caused a lot of hardship, deaths, and production/financial strain. The highly contagious nature of the virus necessitated the imposition of a lockdown or enhanced community quarantine.

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Criminal Cases Against LGUs Turning Away Cargoes, Blocking Roads

There are reports that some Local Government Units (LGUs) have been intercepting cargoes, including those delivery food and medical products, and stopping them from entering or passing through their respective territories. Even when these trucks are allowed to pass through, it takes forever to reach their destination because of the endless number of checkpoints and the varying policies implemented in each checkpoint. Worse, there may be instances when roads are blocked and rendered impassable.  

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Full List of Emergency Powers Granted to the President under the “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act” (Republic Act No. 11469)

The “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act” (Republic Act No. 11469) grants Emergency Powers to President Rodrigo R. Duterte in order to address the national emergency brought about by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Under R.A. 11469, the President shall have the power to adopt the following temporary emergency measures (update: implementing directives) to respond to crisis brought by the pandemic:

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Benefits for Medical Frontliners under the “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act” (Republic Act No. 11469)

A state of national emergency has been declared under Republic Act No. 11469, also known as the “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act,” by reason of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Congress granted emergency powers to the President, including the power to grant additional benefits to medical frontliners:

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Fake News and Other Acts Punishable during the COVID-19 Crisis

The Bayanihan to Heal As One Act (Republic Act No. 11469), signed by the President on 24 March 2020, provides for specific acts punishable with imprisonment of two (2) months or a fine of not less than P10,000 but not more than P1,000,000, or both, at the discretion of the court. The same acts may be penalized under other existing laws.

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Bayanihan to Heal As One Act (Republic Act No. 11469): Full Text

[On 24 March 2020, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11469, also known as the “Bayanihan to Heal As One Act,” to address the national emergency brought about by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Added: Published in the Manila Bulletin on 25 March 2020; see also Implementation Directives. Here is the full text of R.A. 11469.]

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Congressional Grant of Emergency Powers to the President: The Philippine Experience

The public health emergency caused by the novel coronavirus, subsequently named Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), is the first of its kind in our lifetime. The request for emergency powers to address a national emergency, however, is not the first of its kind.  On 23 March 2020, the House of Representatives started its deliberations on House Bill No. 6616, declaring a national emergency and granting emergency powers in favor of President Rodrigo Duterte. Three decades earlier, Congress passed a law declaring a state of national emergency and granting emergency powers to the President. 

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