[Full text of Securities Regulation Code (Republic Act No. 8799; Chapter I; Chapter II; Chapter III; Chapter IV; Chapter V; Chapter VI; Chapter VII; Chapter VIII; Chapter IX; Chapter X; Chapter XI; Chapter XII; Chapter XIII]
PROTECTION OF SHAREHOLDERS INTERESTS
Section 19. Tender Offers. – Any person or group of persons acting in concert who intends to acquire at least 15% of any class of any equity security of a listed corporation of any class of any equity security of a corporation with assets of at least fifty million pesos (50,000,000.00) and having two hundred(200) or more stockholders at least one hundred shares each or who intends to acquire at least thirty percent(30%) of such equity over a period of twelve months(12) shall make a tender offer to stockholders by filling with the Commission a declaration to that effect; and furnish the issuer, a statement containing such of the information required in Section 17 of this Code as the Commission may prescribe. Such person or group of persons shall publish all request or invitations or tender offer or requesting such tender offers subsequent to the initial solicitation or request shall contain such information as the Commission may prescribe, and shall be filed with the Commission and sent to the issuer not alter than the time copies of such materials are first published or sent or given to security holders.
(a) Any solicitation or recommendation to the holders of such a security to accept or reject a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders shall be made in accordance with such rules and regulations as may be prescribe.
(b) Securities deposited pursuant to a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders may be withdrawn by or on behalf of the depositor at any time throughout the period that tender offer remains open and if the securities deposited have not been previously accepted for payment, and at any time after sixty (60) days from the date of the original tender offer to request or invitation, except as the Commission may otherwise prescribe.
(c) Where the securities offered exceed that which person or group of persons is bound or willing to take up and pay for, the securities that are subject of the tender offers shall be taken up us nearly as may be pro data, disregarding fractions, according to the number of securities deposited to each depositor. The provision of this subject shall also apply to securities deposited within ten (10) days after notice of increase in the consideration offered to security holders, as described in paragraph (e) of this subsection, is first published or sent or given to security holders.
(d) Where any person varies the terms of a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders before the expiration thereof by increasing the consideration offered to holders of such securities, such person shall pay the increased consideration to each security holder whose securities are taken up and paid for whether or not such securities have been taken up by such person before the variation of the tender offer or request or invitation.
19.2. It shall be lawful for any person to make any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements made in the light of the circumstances under which they are made, not mis-leading, or to engaged to any fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative acts or practices, in connection with any tender offer or request or invitation for tenders, or any solicitation for any security holders in opposition to or in favor of any such favor of any such offer, request, or invitation. The Commission shall, for the purposes of this subsection, define and prescribe means reasonably designed to prevent, such acts and practices as are fraudulent, deceptive and manipulative.
Section 20. Proxy solicitations. – 20.1. Proxies must be issued and proxy solicitation must be made in accordance with rules and regulations to be issued by the Commission;
20.2. Proxies must be in writing, signed by the stockholder or his duly authorized representative and file before the scheduled meeting with the corporate secretary.
20.3. Unless otherwise provided in the proxy, it shall be valid only for the meeting for which it is intended. No proxy shall be valid only for the meting for which it is intended. No proxy shall be valid and effective for a period longer than five (5) years at one time.
20.4. No broker or dealer shall give any proxy, consent or any authorization, in respect of any security carried for the account of the customer, to a person other than the customer, without written authorization of such customer.
20.5. A broker or dealer who holds or acquire the proxy for at least ten percent (10%) or such percentage as the commission may prescribe of the outstanding share of such issuer, shall submit a report identifying the beneficial owner of ten days after such acquisition, for its own account or customer, to the issuer of security, to the exchange where the security is traded and to the Commission.
Section 21. Fees of Tender Offers and Certain Proxy Solicitations. – At the time of filling with the Commission of any statement required under Section 19 for any tender offer or Section 72.2 for issuer purchases, or Section 20 for proxy or consent solicitation, The Commission may require that the person making such filing pay a fee of not more than one-tenth (1/10)(1%) of;
21.1. The propose aggregate purchase price in the case of a transaction under Section 20 or 72.2; or
21.2. The proposed payment in cash, and ion value of any securities or property to be transferred in the acquisition, merger or consolidating, or the cash and value of any securities proposed to be received upon the sale disposition of such assets in the case of a solicitation under Section 20. The Commission shall prescribe by rule diminishing fees in inverse proportion to the value of the aggregate price of the offering.
Section 22. Internal Record Keeping and Accounting Control. – Every issuer which has a class of securities that satisfies the requirements of Subsection 17.2 shall:
22.1. Device and maintain a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that: (a) Transactions and access to assets
are pursuant to management authorization; (b) Financial statements are provided in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles that are adopted by the Accounting standards council and the rules promulgated by the Commission with the regard to the preparation of the financial statements; and (c) Recorded assets are compared with existing assets at reasonable intervals and differences are reconciled.
Section 23. Transactions of Directors officers and Principal Stockholders. – 23.1. Every person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than ten per centum (10%) of any class of any equity security which satisfies the requirements of subsection 17.2, or who is a director or an officer of the issuer of such security, shall file, at the time either such requirement is first satisfied or after ten days after he becomes such a beneficial owner, director, or officer, a statement form the Commission and, if such security is listed for trading on an exchange, also with the exchange of the amount of all the equity security of such issuer of which he is the beneficial owner, and within ten days after the close of each calendar month thereafter, if there has been a change in such ownership at the close of the calendar month and such changes in his ownership as have occurred during such calendar month.
23.2. For the purpose of preventing the unfair use of information which may have been obtained by such beneficial owner, director or officer by reason of his relationship to the issuer, any profit realized by him from any purchase or sale, or any sale or purchase, of any equity security of such issuer within any period of less than (6) months unless such security was acquired in good faith in connection with a debt previously contracted, shall inure to and be recoverable by the issuer, irrespective of any intention of holding the security purchased or of not repurchasing the security sold for a period exceeding six (6) months. Suit to recover such profit may be instituted before the Regional Trial Court by the issuer, or by the owner of any security of the issuer in the name and in behalf of the issuer if the issuer shall fail or refuse to bring such suit within sixty (60) days after request or shall fail diligently to prosecute the same thereafter, but not such shall be brought more than two years after the date such profit was realized. This Subsection shall not be construed to cover any transaction were such beneficial owner was not such both time of the owner or the sale, or the sale of purchase, of the security involved, or any transaction or transactions which the Commission by rules and regulations may exempt as not comprehended within the purpose of this subsection.
23.3. It shall be unlawful for any such beneficial owner, director or officer, directly or indirectly, to sell any equity security of such issuer if the person selling the principal: (a) Does not own the security sold: or (b) If owning the
security, does not deliver not deliver it against such sale within 20 days thereafter, or does not within five days after such sale deposit in the mails or the unusual channels of transportation; but no person shall be deemed to have violated this subsection if he proves not withstanding the exercise of good faith he was unable to make such delivery in such time, or that to do so would cause undue inconvenience or expense.
23.4. The provisions of subsection 23.2 shall not apply to any purchase and sale, or sale and purchase, and the provisions of Subsection 23.3 shall not apply to any sale, of an equity security not then or thereafter held by him and an investment account, by a dealer in the ordinary course of his business and incident to the establishment or maintenance by him of a primary or secondary market, otherwise than on an Exchange, for such security. The Commission may, by such rules and regulations as it deems necessary or appropriate in the public interest, define and prescribe terms and conditions with respect to securities held in an investment account and transactions made in the ordinary course of business and incident to the establishment or maintenance of a primary or secondary market.