[Full text of Securities Regulation Code (Republic Act No. 8799; Chapter I; Chapter II; Chapter III; Chapter IV; Chapter V; Chapter VI; Chapter VII; Chapter VIII; Chapter IX; Chapter X; Chapter XI; Chapter XII; Chapter XIII]
REGULATION OF SECURITIES MARKET PROFESSIONALS
Section 28. Registration of Brokers, Dealers, Salesmen and Associated Persons. – 28.1. No person shall engage in the business of buying or selling securities in the Philippine as a broker or dealer, or act as a salesman, or an associated person of any broker or dealer unless registered as such with the Commission.
28.2. No registered broker or dealer shall employ any salesman or any associated person, and no issuer shall employ any salesman, who is not registered as such with the Commission.
28.3. The Commission, by rule or order, may conditionally or unconditionally exempt from subsection 28.1 and 28.2 any broker, dealer, salesman, associated person of any broker or dealer, or any class of the foregoing, as it deems consistent with the public interest and the protection of investors.
28.4. The Commission shall promulgate rules and regulation prescribing the qualifications for registration of each category of applicant, which shall, among other things, require as a condition for registration that:
(a) If a natural person, the applicant satisfactorily pass a written examination as to his proficiency and knowledge in the area of activity for which registration is sought;
(b) In the case of a broker or dealer, the applicant satisfy a minimum net capital as prescribed by the Commission, and provide a bond or other security as the Commission may prescribe to secure compliance with the provisions of this Code; and
(c) If located outside of the Philippines, the applicant files a written consent to service of process upon the Commission pursuant to Section 65 hereof.
28.5. A broker or dealer may apply for registration by filing with the Commission a written application in such forms and containing such information and documents concerning such broker or dealer as the Commission by rule shall prescribe.
28.6. Registration of a salesman or of an associated person of a registered broker or dealer may be made upon written application filed with the Commission by such salesman or associated person. The application shall be separately signed and certified by the registered broker or dealer to which such salesman or associated person is to become affiliated, or by the issuer in the case of a salesman employed appointed or authorized solely by such issuer. The application shall be in such form and contain such information and documents concerning the salesman or associated person as the Commission by rule shall prescribe. For purposes of this Section, a salesman shall not include any employee of an issuer whose compensation is not determined directly or indirectly on sales of securities if the issuer.
28.7. Applications filed pursuant to Subsections 28.5 and 28.6 shall be accompanied by a registration fee in such reasonable amount prescribed by the Commission.
28.8. Within thirty (30) days after the filing of any application under this Section, the Commission shall by order: (a) Grant registrations if it determines that the requirements of this Section and the qualifications for registrations set forth in its rules and regulations have been satisfied ; or (b) Deny said registration.
28.9. The names and addresses of all persons approved for the registration as brokers, dealers, associated persons or salesman and all orders of the Commission with respect thereto shall be recorded in a Register of Securities Market Professionals kept in the office of the Commission which shall be open to public inspection.
28.10. Every person registered pursuant to this Section shall file with the Commission, in such form as the Commission shall prescribe, information necessary to keep the application for registration current and accurate, including in the case of a broker or dealer changes in salesmen, associated persons and owners thereof.
28.11. Every person registered pursuant to this Selection shall pay to the Commission an annual fee at such time and in such reasonable amount as the Commission shall prescribe. Upon notice by the Commission that such annual fee has not been paid as required, the registration of such person shall be suspended until payment has been made.
28.12. The registration of a salesman or associated person shall be automatically terminated upon the cessation of his affiliation with said registered broker or dealer or with an issuer in the case of a salesman employed, appointed or authorized by such issuer. Promptly following any such cessation of affiliation, the registered broker or dealer, issuer as the case may be, shall file with the Commission a notice of separation of such salesman or associated person.
Section 29. Revocation, Refusal or Suspension of Registration of Brokers, Dealers, Salesmen and Associated Persons. – 29.1. Registration under Section 28 of this Code may be refused , or any registration granted thereunder may be revoked, suspended, or limitations placed thereon, by the Commission if, after due notice and hearing the Commission determines the application or registrant.
(a) Has willfully violated any provision of this Code, any rule, regulation or order made hereunder, or any other law administered by the Commission, or in the case of a registered broker, dealer or associated
persons has failed to supervise, with a view to preventing such violation, another person who commits such violation;
(b) Has willfully made or caused to be made a materially false or misleading statement in any application for registration or report filed with the Commission or a self-regulatory organization, or has willfully omitted to state any material fact that is required to be stated therein;
(c) Has failed to satisfy the qualifications or requirements for registration prescribed under Section 28 and the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder;
(d) Has been convicted, by a competent judicial or administrative body of an offense involving moral turpitude, fraud, embezzlement, counterfeiting, theft, estafa, misappropriation, forgery, bribery, false oath, or perjury, or of a violation of securities, commodities, banking, real state or insurance laws;
(e) Is enjoined or restrained by a competent judicial or administrative body from engaging in securities, commodities, banking, real state or insurance activities or from willfully violating laws governing such activities;
(f) Is subject to an order of a competent judicial or administrative body refusing, revoking or suspending any registration, licensed or other permit under this Code, the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, any other law administered by the Commission;
(g) Is subject to an order of a self-regulatory organization suspending or expelling him from membership or participating therein or from association with a member or participant thereof;
(h) Has been found by a competent judicial or administrative body to have willfully violated any provisions of securities, commodities, banking, real state or insurance laws, or has willfully aided, abetted, counseled, commanded, induced or procured such violation; or
(i) Has been judicially declared insolvent.
For purposes of this subsection, the term “competent judicial or administrative body” shall include a foreign court of competent jurisdiction and a foreign financial regulator.
29.2. (a) In case of charges against a salesman or associated person, notice thereof shall also be given the broker, dealer or issuer employing such salesman or associated person.
(b) Pending the hearing, the Commission shall have the power to order the suspensions of such broker’s, dealers, associated person’s or salesman’s registration: Provided, That such order shall state the cause for such suspension. Until the entry of a final order, the suspension of such registration, though binding upon the persons notified thereof, shall be deemed confidential, and shall not be published, unless it shall appear that the order of suspension has been violated after notice.
29.3. The orders of the Commission refusing, revoking, suspending or placing limitations on a registration as herein above provided, together with its findings, shall be entered in the Register of Securities Market Professionals. The suspension or revocation of the registration of a dealer or broker shall also automatically suspend the registration of all salesmen and associated persons affiliated with such broker or dealer. The order of the Commission refusing, revoking, suspending or placing limitations on a registration as herein above provided, together with its findings, shall be entered in the Register of Securities Market Professionals. The suspension or revocation of the registration of a dealer or broker shall also automatically suspend the registration of a dealer or broker shall also automatically suspend the registration of all salesmen and associated persons affiliated with such broker or dealer.
29.4. It shall be sufficient cause for refusal, revocation or suspension of a broker’s or dealer’s registrations, if any associated person thereof or any juridical entity controlled by such associated person has committed any act or omission or is subject to any disability enumerated in paragraphs (a) through (i) of Subsection 29. I hereof.
Section 30. Transactions and Responsibility of Brokers and Dealers. – 30.1 No brokers or dealer shall deal in or otherwise buy or sell, for its own account or for its own account or for the account of customers, securities listed on an Exchange issued by any corporation where any stockholders, director, associated person or salesman, or authorized clerk of said broker or dealer and all the relatives of the foregoing within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, is at the same time holding office in said issuer corporation as a director, president, vice-president, manager, treasurer, comptroller, secretary or any office trust and responsibility, or is a controlling of the issuer.
30.2. No broker or dealer shall effect any transaction in securities or induce or attempt to induce the purchase or sale of any security except in compliance with such rules and regulations as the Commission shall prescribe to ensure fair and honest dealings in securities and provide financial safeguards and other standards for the operations of brokers and dealers, including the establishments of minimum net capital requirements, the acceptance of custody and use of securities of customers, and the carrying and use of deposits and credit balances of customers.
Section 31. Development of Securities Market Professionals. – The Commission in joint undertaking with self regulatory organizations, organizations and associations of finance professionals as well as private educational and research institute shall undertake or facilitate/organize continuing training, conferences/seminars, updating programs, research and developments as well as technology transfer at the latest and advance trends in issuance and trading of securities, derivatives, commodity trades and other financial instruments, as well as securities markets of other countries.